The ELLIS unit Edinburgh will mainly focus on machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP) research. The ML group studies computational processes that find patterns and structure in data. This forms the largest academic ML group in the UK and includes former programme chairs for three top international conferences in ML (NIPS, ICLR, ICML). They develop new ML and AI methodology often based on generalising the demands of cutting-edge application areas, including astronomy, systems biology, neuroscience, econometrics and healthcare. In Natural Language Processing, the University of Edinburgh has the highest concentration of academic NLP and speech technology in Europe. It is the world’s most productive NLP research group, outranking Stanford, CMU, and Johns Hopkins.